Slab heating cables
If you are planning to build on a concrete slab for a new home or extension, Pyrotenax Electric Storage Floor Heating is the most economical, luxurious and practical form of space heating you can buy.
During construction, electric heating cables are secured to the reinforcing mesh prior to the concrete being poured. These cables heat the slab during regulated heating periods.
How to install
No modifications are needed to the slab.
Unlike traditional heating systems there are no ducts, fans, consoles or vents required. This frees up your wall and floor space giving you the freedom to decorate your interior without interferences.
Discuss it at your initial planning stage with your architect, builder or specialist heating installer.
Measure your heating area
Using the examples below, measure the floor area you need to heat.
Note: do not calculate permanent fixtures (wardrobes and benches) as heating areas.
Living room example A
Heating area = 5.0m x 5.8m
Bedroom example B
Room area = 4.0m x 3.5m
Area of fixtures = 2m²
Heating area = 14m² - 2m²
Bathroom, toilet, laundry
Room area = 4.4m x 5.0m
Area of fixtures = 6.5m²
(bath, shower, toilet, bench)
Heating area = 22m² - 6.5m²
Which heating cable size do I need?
After measuring your desired heating area, refer to the table to locate your suitable product (unit).
Most types of floor coverings can be used, for example carpets (wool or synthetic), vinyl tiles, ceramic tiles and slate.
Bitumen backed carpet tiles are not suitable.
Cork tile and parquetry must be laid on a dry floor. In other words, this must be laid after initial use of the heating system to evaporate the moisture remaining in the concrete floor.
Depending on the type of tile, a waterproof adhesive (such as a two-part latex adhesive) or mortar-bed fixing system must be used. Some adhesives (particularly the water based latex adhesives) will deteriorate and soften at temperatures above 40°C. The adhesive chosen should be capable of withstanding temperatures of up to 60°C without a loss of bond strength.
Quartzite floor tiles
Gentle background warmth
The heat stored inside the concrete slab is emitted from the whole surface area, giving an almost even air temperature from floor to ceiling. Warmth is produced where it is required most, underfoot, and then radiates throughout the area.
CSIRO tests show that where floor level temperatures are around 16°C people feel comfortably warm all over. When floor level temperatures are lower, people feel cold even if the temperature at head level is over 21°C.
Pyrotenax Electric Storage Floor Heating is the energy- efficient way to provide a constantly comfortable room temperature.
Health and safety
The system is free from dirt, smoke or fumes. Any dust movement is minimal, so the system is ideal for people who suffer from respiratory difficulties such as asthma.
The system is safe for all family members as there are no burning surfaces
Some other heating systems present hazards for children, the elderly or pets
The system is securely encased in the concrete floor and operates in silence
Economical and Energy efficient
Heat input to the slab is controlled by wall-mounted or in- slab thermostats. Heating in each room or zone is controlled by a separate thermostat, so energy need never be wasted.
The system takes advantage of low-cost off-peak electricity available in most areas. When normal rate electricity is being used the system can be regulated by a time clock. Check with your local electricity authority regarding off-peak power availability in your area.
The concrete slab stores enough heat during the off-peak charge period to maintain a comfortable temperature for the full 24 hours. Heat storage is topped up again during the next heating period.
Frequently asked questions
How does the system operate?
Heat input to the slab is controlled by either a wall mounted air sensing thermostat or a wall mounted floor sensing thermostat. When the temperature reaches the thermostat setting the power supply automatically switches off and the stored energy heat continues to warm the room throughout the day. The heat is topped up again during the next regulated supply period.
What is electric storage floor heating (ESFH)?
ESFH is a continuous space heating system. It consists of Pyrotenax electric heating element cast into the concrete slab floor of a house or building which then acts as a large radiant heating panel. The system is designed to operate on off-peak electricity, otherwise a time clock can be used.
How much does it cost to install?
As a guide $70 per m2 for the average house.
Delete any permanent fixtures e.g. kitchen cupboards or built in wardrobes. The cost covers supply of heating units, installation of heating units onto the reinforcing mesh and monitoring of the heating units during the concrete pour. The cost also covers the supply of all thermostats and controllers.
Who would you recommend installing the system?
A specialist electric floor heating installer.
Our technicians are trained to install all types of electrical floor heating. To learn how one of our technicians can help you, call (02) 9829 2752
What happens if something isn’t working – Can it be repaired?
In the unlikely event of the heating element being damaged, it is a straight forward job to locate and repair the fault. We have equipment that can locate the cable and its fault. It is a simple matter of exposing the cable and fixing the repair.
Are there any additional hidden costs?
Costs not covered are:
Wiring from the thermostat and heating unit to the switch board and connection to the off-peak supply. This work is usually done by the onsite electrician when all other lights and power points are wired.
What is the guarantee?
The standard warranty of 10 years from the date of purchase applies to all slab heating elements manufactured by Pyrotenax. Thermostats are covered by a 2year warranty from the manufacture.
What maintenance is required?
Over the lifespan of the Pyrotenax system, minimal maintenance is required as there are no moving parts that wear and tear, apart from the thermostat which is a simple and easy replacement.
Is the system safe?
Yes. The outer copper sheath of the Pyrotenax heating element is earthed during installation. Pyrotenax heating cables do not require to be connected to earth leakage protection.
Do you need to alter home/building design or make concrete slab thicker to accommodate heating cables?
No. The heating cable is fixed to the reinforcing mesh within the standard slab design. Also, there is no need to allow space for ducting or furnace. There is no need to increase the slab thickness or change any structured reinforcing mesh.
What is off-peak electricity?
Off-peak electricity supplied during the supply authority low demand hours. The electricity is supplied at a reduced cost. Price reductions are from 40 to 60% of the general rate cost. Floor heating may also be connected to a time of use tariff, a time clock is used to enable power only to be used in the low-cost hours.
Is off-peak much cheaper than normal electricity?
Yes. Depending on the region it can be less than one third the cost, that’s over 50% savings.
How does off- peak electricity compare with gas running costs?
Operating cost to maintain 21°C for 24 hours are generally cheaper than gas in most areas. The operating costs vary in some areas due to tariff charges and climatic conditions.
What about insulation?
(a) A vapour barrier (polyethylene sheeting) beneath the slab is usually standard practice nowadays.
(b) Certainly, ceiling insulation (batts) is recommended as 30-40% of heating can be lost through an uninsulated ceiling.
What is the minimum heated area in a slab floor?
There is no minimum size, however, for 240 volt operation the heated area must be at least 2.0m².
What happens when a cold night is followed by a warm day?
The heat will stay trapped in the slab when the air temperature exceeds the floor temperature so no heat will rise out of the slab.
How hot does the floor get?
To maintain a 21°C air temperature the floor temperature would be approximately 25°C or approximately 4°C above the desired room air temperature.